Students should be familiar with the following concepts prior to taking Math 5.

- Basic math and algebra
- Mixed numbers and fractions (adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing)
- Simplifying fractions and complex fractions
- Number operations & properties (associative, commutative, distributive properties)
- Order of operations
- Solving for multiple unknowns (multiple steps, variables on both sides)
- Roots (square roots and cube roots)
- Powers & exponents (product of powers, power of powers, quotient of powers)
- Factoring trinomials, differences of squares, and perfect squares
- Exponents, monomials, and polynomials
- Inequalities (systems, graphs, and addition and multiplication property of inequalities)
- Inequalities involving absolute value
- Absolute value (comparing and solving absolute value equations & statements)
- Identifying and graphing linear and nonlinear equations (coordinate plane, intercepts & slope of lines, equation for a line given its slope, equation for a line given two points)
- Multiplying and dividing rational expressions
- Dividing a polynomial by a monomial, binomial
- Solving rational equations
- Simplifying, adding, subtracting, and multiplying radical expressions
- Pythagorean theorem
- Distance formula
- Elementary functions (polynomials, rational, trigonometric and exponential)